Monday: 9:00 AM to 5:00 PM

Tuesday: 9:00 AM to 7:00 PM

Wednesday: 9:00 AM to 5:00 PM

Thursday: 9:00 AM to 5:00 PM  

Friday: Office Closed

Saturday: Office Closed

Joseph Kavchok Jr, MD - Logo

319 Main St,

Emmaus, PA 18049

Alpha Optical Inc.

Dry Eye Dry Eye

Dry eye is a common condition that occurs when your tears can't provide adequate lubrication for your eyes. Tears can be inadequate, if you don't produce enough tears, or if you produce poor quality tears and they evaporate too fast. Many treatment options exist.

Dry eye symptoms usually include:

Do you suffer from scratchy, itchy eyes? Call us today!

The tear film consists of three layers: an oily layer, a watery layer, and a layer of mucus. Each layer has its own purpose.


The oily layer forms the outermost surface of the tear film. Its main purpose is to smooth the tear surface and reduce evaporation of tears. The middle watery layer makes up most of the tear film. This layer, produced by glands behind the upper eyelids, cleanses the eye and washes away foreign particles or irritants.


The inner layer consists of mucus which allows the watery layer to spread evenly over the surface of the eye and helps the eye remain moist. Without mucus, tears would not stick to the eye.


Normally, the eye produces tears at a slow and steady rate to keep the eye moist and comfortable. Excessive tearing can occur in dry eye if the tears responsible for maintaining lubrication do not keep the eye wet enough. The eye becomes irritated, prompting the gland that makes tears to release  a large volume of fluid, overwhelming the tear drainage system. These excess tears then overflow from your eye.


Hormonal changes are the main cause of dry eye syndrome, causing changes in tear production. The hormonal changes associated with menopause are one of the main reasons why women are most often affected by dry eye.


Conditions that affect the lacrimal gland or its ducts, including autoimmune diseases like lupus and rheumatoid arthritis, lead to decreased tear secretion and dry eye. Dry eyes can be caused by being outdoor in the wind and sun, staring at a computer screen, being around cigarette smoke, aging, or eyelid inflammation.


Other possible causes include certain medications, including antihistamines, decongestants, hormone replacement therapy, antidepressants, and drugs for high blood pressure, acne, birth control, and Parkinson's disease.


Wearing contact lens for too many hours at a time and certain eye surgeries, such as LASIK, can cause dry eyes.

Dr. Kavchok Jr. is a solo practitioner and you get personalized treatment.

What are dry eye symptoms?

Learn about the tear film

Dry eye can be treated, but only a doctor can prescribe the medications needed for severe cases. Call us for an appointment and let's get started on treating your symptoms before they can become more of a problem in the future.

Dr. Joseph Kavchok Jr. gives you the service you need

An ophthalmologist is able to diagnose dry eye by using vaious tests. A Test that measures tear production called the Schirmer tear test involves placing filter-paper strips on the lower eyelids to measure the rate of tear production.


Another way to diagnose dry eye is by putting special dye drops on the eye, then studying how long it takes for dry spots to develop on the cornea. The dye test can also be used to look for certain staining patterns that show any damage to the surface of the cornea.


For most mild cases you may only require a humidifier or occasional artificial tear drops. Preservative-free eye drops are available for people who are sensitive to the preservatives in artificial tears. In some cases, treating an underlying health issue can help clear up the signs and symptoms of dry eyes.


With increased dry eye symptoms and severity you may need gel drops or ointments, supplemental nutrients, prescription anti-inflammatory drops, or occlusion of your tear drainage canal.

  • Stinging

  • Burning or scratchy eyes

  • Sensitivity to light

  • Eye redness

  • Blurred vision

  • Sensation of having something in your eye

  • Excess tearing

  • Discomfort when wearing contact lenses.

Dry Eye